The word Basmati is derived from the Hindi word 'Bas' means aroma and 'mati' means 'full of'. The Basmati-Indian rice is unique in the region. It can be grown where precise climatic conditions, soil fertility, irrigation water, and temperature exist. This occurs only in Indo-Gangetic plains.
The global rice production is about 501.4 million MT out of which India's contribution is about 115.5 million MT (i.e. more than 20%). The total paddy production in India is around 172.4 million MT which is at a conversion rate of 67 percent. In terms of Basmati paddy, the major variety produced in India is PUSA 1121 which is more than 65 percent of the total Basmati production. The global Basmati rice production is about 2% (i.e. 8-9 million MT) of the total global rice production, and about 5% of India total rice production. India accounts for around 70% of Basmati rice production while about 30% balance production is from Pakistan.